The Beijing (capital of China) New Energy and Renewable Energy Development Plan in the 13th Five-Year Period points out that – vigorously developing new energy and renewable energy is an important strategic measure to optimize the energy structure in the capital and promote the green, intelligent and efficient transformation of energy. Until 2015, the total capacity of the exploitation and utilization of new energy and renewable energy in Beijing was equivalent to that of about 4.5 million tons of standard coal, which accounted for 6.6 percent of the total energy consumption and well over-fulfilled the target set in the 12th Five-Year Plan. For the capacity of photovoltaic energy, it had been significantly improved from 2.3 MWs in 2010, to 165 MWs in 2015.
An increase of more than 35% in the capacity of renewable energy till 2020
The New Energy and Renewable Energy Development Plan in the 13th Five-Year Period also projects an increase of more than 35 percent in the total capacity of the exploitation and utilization of new energy and renewable energy till 2020, compared to 2015 – it’d account for more than 8 percent of the total energy consumption. Meanwhile, this energy development plan requires that the majority of resources like labor or finance should be put on the development of new electricity or renewable electricity, like photovoltaic electricity/energy. Until 2020, the total capacity of new electricity and renewable electricity in Beijing will reach about 2 million kilowatts and take up 15 percent of the total electrical capacity.
In regard to the practical use of solar energy, more efforts will be placed on the promotion of distributed photovoltaic power systems and the popularization of solar water heaters, as well as the implement of the “Solar and Double-Hundred” plan. Specifically and firstly, during the 13th Five-Year Period, more photovoltaic power plants/systems will be built around the city Beijing and these power systems will make the newly installed photovoltaic capacity achieve 1 million kilowatts. Secondly, the government will speed up the applications of different kinds of distributed photovoltaic power systems in different fields; carry out the Solar plan to integrate photovoltaic systems into campuses, commercial areas, industry, agriculture and infrastructures. Thirdly, a priority will be given to construct a batch of photovoltaic demonstration projects in the Shunyi, Haidian and Yizhuang District, including solar rooftops in the factories of BAIC Motor Corporation and Shougang Corporation.
A few details about the five SOLAR projects
- Solar Campuses: To popularize the concept of green and low-carbon education, enhance the awareness of new energy and renewable energy and construct distributed photovoltaic power generation systems in primary and secondary schools, colleges and universities and vocational education institutions. The total capacity of the newly installed photovoltaic systems will reach 85 MWs till 2020.
- Solar Commerce: To advocate the green and low-carbon consumption style, build and develop distributed photovoltaic power systems in shopping malls, supermarkets, bazaars and office buildings. The capacity will reach 150 MWs till 2020.
- Solar Industry: To fulfill the green and low-carbon production concept, put the emphasis on the Yizhuang and Shunyi District, combine the actual situations of factories and their ancillary facilities to build suitable photovoltaic power systems. The capacity is planned to reach 250 MWs till 2020.
- Solar Agriculture: To speed up the development of ecological agriculture, make good use of the agricultural land to build more distributed photovoltaic facilities. The target of newly installed capacity till 2020 in this filed is set to be 200 MWs.
- Solar Infrastructures: To construct various distributed photovoltaic power generation systems in rail transit stations, transportation hubs, P+R parking lots, sewage treatment plants and gas-fired power plants, as well as build photovoltaic charging stations for renewable energy cars. The goal is to realize a 200-MW newly installed photovoltaic power capacity for the infrastructures.